Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)
Employees Covered under DOT Testing
DOT does not certify, license, or approve individual SAPs. However, the SAP must be able to demonstrate to the employer qualifications necessary to meet DOT rule requirements. Part 40 states that the SAP must be a licensed physician (Doctor of Medicine or Osteopathy); or a licensed or certified social worker; or a licensed or certified psychologist; or a licensed or certified employee assistance professional; or a state-licensed or certified marriage and family therapist; or an alcohol and drug abuse counselor certified by the National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors Certification Commission (NAADAC) or by the International Certification Reciprocity Consortium/Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse (ICRC); or by the National Board of Certified Counselors, Inc. and Affiliates/Master Addictions Counselor (NBCC). Additionally, there are specific knowledge, training, examination, and continuing education requirements that SAPs must satisfy.
For more information, please see:
Department of Transportation
Employees Covered under DOT Testing
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
49 CFR Part 382
Covered employee: A person who operates (i.e., drives) a Commercial Motor Vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds; or is designed to transport 16 or more occupants (to include the driver); or is of any size and is used in the transport of hazardous materials that require the vehicle to be placarded.
Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
49 CFR Part 219
Regulated employee: A person who performs covered service (subject to hours of service laws) functions at a rate sufficient to be placed into the railroad’s random testing program. Categories of personnel who normally perform these functions are locomotive engineers, trainmen, conductors, switchmen, locomotive hostlers/helpers, utility employees, signalmen, operators, and train dispatchers. In addition, a person who performs a maintenance-of-way/roadway worker function (as defined in 49 CFR Part 214) who are employees or contractors of a railroad, have a potential to foul the track, and perform a regulated function such as inspection, construction, maintenance or repair of railroad track, bridges, roadway, signal and communication systems, electric traction systems, roadway facilities or roadway maintenance machinery on or near track, as well, flagman and watchmen/lookouts.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
14 CFR Part 120
Covered employee: A person who performs flight crewmember duties, flight attendant duties, flight instruction duties, aircraft dispatch duties, aircraft maintenance or preventive maintenance duties; ground security coordinator duties; aviation screening duties; air traffic control duties, and operations control specialist duties. Note: Anyone who performs the above duties directly or by contract for a part 119 certificate holder authorized to operate under parts 121 and/or 135, air tour operators defined in 14 CFR part 91.147, and air traffic control facilities not operated by the Government are considered covered employees.
Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
49 CFR Part 655
Covered employee: A person who performs a revenue vehicle operation; revenue vehicle and equipment maintenance; revenue vehicle control or dispatch (optional); Commercial Drivers License non-revenue vehicle operation; or armed security duties.
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
49 CFR Part 199
Covered employee: A person who performs on a pipeline or liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility an operation, maintenance, or emergency-response function.
United States Coast Guard (USCG)
46 CFR Parts 4 and 16
Covered employee: A person who is on board a vessel acting under the authority of a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document. Also, a person engaged or employed on board a U.S. owned vessel and such vessel is required to engage, employ or be operated by a person holding a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document.